Dezember 18th, 2014
By Amar Toor
»Amazon today announced a new service called Prime Now, which promises one-hour delivery for a range of »daily essentials.‹ The service is available for Amazon Prime subscribers, and launches today in select areas of Manhattan. The company says it plans to introduce Prime Now to additional cities in 2015.
TWO-HOUR DELIVERY WILL BE FREE
Dezember 16th, 2014
Posted by Joerg Blumtritt
Smartphones sind weit mehr als ›mobile Computer‹: Sie tragen mehr als zwanzig Sensoren, die kontinuierlich Daten über unser Verhalten, und unsere Umgebung messen, aufzeichnen und sammeln.
Mobile wird die wichtigste Datenquelle für Big Data und läuft damit den Social Networks den Rang ab.
Über die Nutzung durch Menschen, hinaus gibt es bereits mehr als fünf Milliarden Mobilfunkgeräte, die mit Objekten verbunden sind. Beispiele sind Autos und andere Maschinen, die zum Internet of Things verbunden werden.
Die Messung der Daten wurde möglich, indem die Messgeräte auf winzige Dimensionen miniaturisiert wurden. MEMS, sogenannte ›Microelektro-mechanische Systeme‹ verbinden winzige, bewegliche Komponenten mit Mikroelektronik, wobei die tatsächlichen Größen der Bauteile mit inzwischen unter 20 nm bereits die Dimension Micro in Richtung Nano verlassen haben.
Mehrere Milliarden MEMS-Bausteine werden pro Jahr hergestellt und in Geräten verbaut. Das Marktvolumen beträgt weltweit mehr als 15 Milliarden Dollar, mit zweistelligen Wachstumsraten pro Jahr.
Auf ein Thema sind wir vor kurzem in diesem Blog eingegangen: Die reichhaltigen Daten, die über die microelektromechanischen Sensoren über unser Leben anfallen, sind so persönlich und speziell, dass sie in jedem Fall ein ganz eindeutiges Bild von uns entwerfen. Diese Spur können wir, selbst mit einiger Anstrengung nicht mehr anonymisieren.
Dezember 16th, 2014
by Valérie Bélair-Gagnon
As drone journalism goes mainstream, the effect could be as significant as the arrival of the 35mm camera in the 1920s.
In 2015, robots will take on a larger role in crisis journalism, changing coverage of natural disasters, protests, and armed conflicts. This will affect what crises are covered and how.
News organizations such as the BBC and journalism schools will develop more drone units. Already, the University of Nebraska’s Drone Journalism Lab and the University of Missouri’s Missouri Drone Journalism Program have integrated drone research into their educational mandates.
Dezember 16th, 2014
The value chain for back-office business services has evolved dramatically over the past two decades. Continual advances in technologies and communications infrastructure are allowing companies to gain access to pools of talent at locations across the globe that were previously inaccessible. By the same token, offshoring has been revolutionary for many countries, giving them a stepping stone into the global economy as distance ceases to be all-important.
The impetus behind this trend has been access to a larger talent pool and cost arbitrage. As we look back, we can see three waves of arbitrage that, although they have appeared in sequence, today are all acting in concert …
* Offshoring itself, which consists of locating resources in low-cost countries, using centers owned and operated by the offshorer
* Outsourcing, in which back-office operations are performed by specialized third parties under agreed contractual terms, which makes geography relatively indifferent to the company hiring the services
* Automation, a wave that is still in its infancy, in which robots are programmed to perform routine tasks even less expensively than low-cost labor
more: atkearney.com research-studies
Dezember 9th, 2014
What’s Going On in the Library? Part 2:
POSTED BY PHILL JONES
In my last post, I explored the evolution of the library as publisher movement. The growth of digital publishing and the desire to bring about reform in scholarly communication has led to a rapid expansion of library publishing programs. As I outlined, many of the initial library publishing programs were partly motivated by a desire to disrupt subscription publishing and a feeling that digital publishing ought to be cheaper and faster than traditional print. Many of the early librarian publishers quickly learned, as publishers have had to, that due to increased scale and diversification in publishing outputs, doing digital well is just as costly and arguably more complex than publishing in print.
Why Libraries Might be Disruptive in Way that Others Haven’t
The biggest single limiting factor for disruption in scholarly publishing is said to be the need for researchers to publish in prestigious journals, with that prestige being defined almost exclusively by their impact factor. It is said that the coin of the realm in academia is citations, and that is still true. The surest way to land a faculty position or get tenure is to publish a slew of publications in premium journals. A repository/publishing platform that attaches a DOI to every object and makes content discoverable through SEO, (with no real hope of obtaining an impact factor) cannot begin to compete with that.
How Should Publishers Respond?
Traditional publishers should closely follow the progress that institutional repositories and library publishers are making in this area. From the early days of internally focused repositories that served as a preservation archive of limited scope, librarians have learned what is needed from their patrons (and their patrons’ funders), and what is possible from their university press colleagues. For reasons of history, technology and proximity to institutional decision makers, libraries may be well placed to support researchers’ data publication needs and meet funder mandates. As we’re beginning to see shifts in attitude towards what constitutes and what is demanded as ‘legitimate’ scholarly output, publishers need to think carefully about the role that they will play in supporting new forms of scholarly communication.
Dezember 9th, 2014
What’s Going on in the Library? Part 1:
POSTED BY PHILL JONES
What will the Future Hold for Librarians as Publishers?
Librarian publishers have already begun to make a positive difference in the publishing landscape by rescuing small, print-only journals from historical oblivion and providing the technical support and platform services to get them online and more importantly, discoverable. They’re also beginning to offer a wider range of both traditional and more innovative publishing services.
Potentially, traditional and library publishers may begin to converge. After all, publishing entails certain core functions. While Library publishers are expanding their services and learning from their university press colleagues, traditional publishers are learning to become leaner. On the other hand, library publishers may act as a complement to traditional publishers by offering low-cost, subsidized publishing for niche journals and grey literature, or by supporting new forms of scholarly communication like data sharing.
However it plays out in the future, librarian publishers seem to be here to stay. Just as libraries have been learning from university presses and their patrons, perhaps traditional publishers should take another look at what’s going on in the library. In my next post, I’ll take a closer look at the link between library publishers and repositories as an example of what can be learned from this interesting, new addition to the scholarly communication landscape.
Dezember 5th, 2014
Von Michael Roesler-Graichen
Wie viel Offenheit verträgt die Schule? Wer bestimmt, welche Fächer und Inhalte in den Schulen unterrichtet werden? Und wie gehen die Kultusministerien und Schulbuchverlage mit kostenlosen Lernmaterialien im Netz um? Dies waren wichtige Fragen, die Ende November auf der Hamburger Konferenz ›In Theorie und Praxis: Wer bestimmt, was Schüler lernen?‹ in zahlreichen Vorträgen und Diskussionen reflektiert wurden. …
Die Ansprüche, die die Bildungswirklichkeit an die Schulbuchverlage stellt, sind vielfältig. 40.000 Bildungseinrichtungen in 16 Bundesländern mit 20 Schularten und rund 50 verschiedenen Fächern sind von den Verlagen zu adressieren, … Das bedeutet für die Verlage, dass sie ein hochkomplexes System sehr spezifisch mit den Inhalten bedienen müssen, die an der jeweiligen Schule, in den verschiedenen Klassenstufen benötigt werden. 2013 haben die Verlage rund 8.000 analoge und digitale Titel neu veröffentlicht; rund 60.000 Titel sind verfügbar.
Doch welche Rolle sollen die Bildungsverlage künftig noch spielen? Was nützen Unterrichtswerke mit definierten Inhalten, wenn Bundesländer die Lehrpläne immer weiter öffnen und nur noch einen curricularen Rahmen setzen? Und wer setzt noch die Standards, wenn die Auswahl der Lerninhalte in wachsendem Maße an Lehrer delegiert wird?
Dezember 4th, 2014
By John Pettigrew
»›There’s nothing magical about digital,‹ writes John Pettigrew, urging publishing to create new, suitable tools rather than adapting existing solutions.
Most tools that the publishing business uses were not built for the job we use them for.
One of the classic errors here is to ask people what they want. The answers don’t always represent what they really want. Even if they do, they usually aren’t what is really needed — because most people don’t know what might be possible. Henry Ford famously declared that, if he’d asked people what they wanted, they would have said, ›Faster horses.‹
Most tools that the publishing business uses were not built for the job we use them for. W[e] were fortunate that word processors turned out to be a good fit for our needs. But the fit is often much poorer. My own pet hate is the software editors have to use to mark up page proofs for books and magazines. There’s nothing intrinsically wrong with software itself, but it’s being forced into service for proofreading — a job for which it’s poorly suited.
The problem is that proofreading has a specific set of needs and expectations. Over their decades working on paper, they have developed sophisticated, standard systems of notation that let them be very quick and precise. The move on-screen has robbed them of this, requiring many instructions to be written out longhand to make sure that the designer understands what is needed. This slows things down and makes proofs harder to handle.
November 11th, 2014
»Pelican Books: Penguin-Imprint bietet Ebooks im Browser an
Die Zukunft der digitalen Bücher liegt nicht bei Container-Formaten wie Epub, sondern im Internet – diese These ist nicht neu, die Verfechter sitzen allerdings weiterhin abseits des Mainstreams. Doch jetzt kommt neue Bewegung in die Bücher im Browser-Debatte: Mit Penguin widmet sich einer der ganz großen Verlage der Web-Lektüre.
November 11th, 2014
by Michael Blanding
In a well-marked line from the movie The Social Network, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg turns to the Winklevoss twins, who are suing him for stealing their invention, and says: ›If you guys were the inventors of Facebook, you’d have invented Facebook.‹ The words speak volumes about the origins of one of the most successful companies on the planet, but are also a commentary on the origins of any invention.
›Anytime you invent something, you have really invented two things—the thing itself, and an idea,‹ says Harvard Business School visiting professor Gautam Ahuja, a professor of strategy at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan. In the case of Zuckerberg vs. the Winklevosses, the twins may have had created a simple interface for college kids to connect with one another, but it took Zuckerberg to take the idea and turn it into that of a worldwide social network that would allow everyone to share their lives with one another across geographies.
›Compared to the value of the global network idea, the value of the actual product of a platform for college kids was much less,‹ says Ahuja. ›Often the concept value of the invention is more important than the physical aspect.‹